Greening a building: biophilic design
Image above: Little Bean Roasters by More Design Office, photo by Raphael Oliver. Written by Sarah Hetherington.
The movement towards clean living and well-being has, according to Sarah Hetherington, amplified the current trend of transporting nature indoors.
Whether inspired by Japanese gardens, tropical rainforests or the Australian bush, there has been a proliferation of greened interiors in commercial, residential and hospitality projects. Aesthetically, greenery enhances the overall space, while counterbalancing the increased use of technology, reducing air pollution, creating a balanced and highly oxygenated space, reducing workplace stress, and increasing performance and productivity, as well as meeting Green Star BCA requirements.
A greened interior was part of the brief for the retail upgrade of the Brisbane International Airport, designed by Arkhefield in collaboration with Richards & Spence. Using predominantly Queensland-based, non-toxic natives to create an inviting environment for international travellers, the intention was not only to freshen the air-conditioned air quality, but to also create a purpose-built ‘outdoor room’, where children could sit and play, or adults could relax and read.
The design interweaves planter boxes, overhead greenery, leafy palms and a central grassed area framed by retail and hospitality spaces. Hamish Guthrie, of Hecker Guthrie, affirms interior “planting is not an afterthought or styling device”, rather “a design concept in its own right, carefully curating the plant selection to complement and enhance each interior identity that not only adds a living freshness to the space… but also helps to extend and blur lines between spaces, be it inside and outside, or creating cohesion across different rooms.”
Completed in 2015 by HASSELL, AGL Australia’s new Melbourne workplace reflects the brand’s values of sustainability, employee unity and renewable energy. The use of natural materials, a muted colour palette and extensive plantings successfully achieves this. Jacqui Low at HASSELL says, “Planting within the workplace helps relieve stress, improves internal air quality and transforms views from grey to green, creating a healthier working environment… a more human character, more tactile and vibrant, contrasting the external built city.” HASSELL’s approach to using indoor plants is integrated from the project’s commencement, always working closely with its landscape team to develop and design interiors that are “cohesive, creating an internal landscape that complements the interior design.”
Renowned landscape designer, Joost Bakker has witnessed a “worldwide movement” towards biophilic design (the human interaction with the natural environment). Bakker is a firm believe in a plant’s ability to reduce office pollution and toxic substances – not only airborne chemicals, but also ones existing in furniture and technology materials. Uniquely, Bakker’s approach is not one of styling decorative foliage, but rather enhancing the biodiversity of soil and its maximum surface area in a pot to absorb airborne toxins. His vertical garden designs, created in collaboration with Schiavello, offer a contemporary aesthetic, yet are highly adaptable in their functionality.
The new grid system features larger pots (with an increased soil surface area) that stack atop tiles, which slot into steel frame shelves. Versatile by nature, a vertical garden can be used as a room divider, bookshelf and storage unit, or as a garden wall.
Woods Bagot’s newly designed Melbourne studio involved a dedicated decision to incorporate indoor plants in gathering areas, further building on the success of incorporating nature in other major projects. The studio’s interior features strong timber and steel elements, and the considered use of greenery assists in the softening of the overall aesthetic. In an attempt to recreate a balcony feeling inside, the plants both oxygenate the space and generate a talking point – socialisation, conversation and collaboration. Sue Fenton, senior associate, highlights the communal experience inherent in the studio – colleagues can “celebrate creative pursuits” and “extend the conversation around central meeting and breakout areas.” While previously ongoing maintenance costs were a deterrent for large corporations, irrigated pots and watering systems have been developed to ensure excellent care, with minimal issues.
The University of Sydney recently commissioned Geyer to design the new Student Administration Services inside the existing Jane Foss Russell Building – a brutalist, concrete structure originally designed by John Wardle. Geyer recognised the need to create a positive first impression at the first point of contact. “Signals are important… we wanted to humanise the space and create a warm, welcoming message,” says Simone Oliver, partner at Geyer. Using biophilic planning principles, Geyer created a flow of wooden pod shapes and recycled materials to “soften the experience” and create a “cocoon-like environment.”
The integration of plants and the construction of the green wall featuring Australian natives is the first of its kind at the Sydney campus and an important, sophisticated feature. Aside from meeting Green Star ratings, many Geyer projects now feature landscape designers as integral consultants.
With a multitude of health and wellness benefits greened interiors will continue to evolve. Clients’ desire for being surrounded by nature is increasingly at the forefront of today’s lifestyle choices. Furthermore, advances in display systems, an increasing variety of indoor plant choices and strong biophilic design principles add real purpose. Then there is always the initial, obvious aesthetics of a beautifully potted plant.